Nü Script (Nüshu) (Women’s Script)

女书习俗

Time:2011-07-14 11:36:49

女书习俗
 女书习俗
Nü Script (Nüshu) (Women’s Script)

时间:2006年

Time: 2006

类别:民俗

Category: Folkways and customs

地区:湖南

Region: Hunan Province

编号:Ⅹ-69

Ref. No.: X-69

申报地区或单位:湖南省江永县

Nominating unit [s]: Jiangyong County, Hunan Province

江永县位于湖南省南部边陲,西部和南部与广西桂林地区为邻,隶属永州市。江永女书流传于江永县的仅有两万人口的上江圩(包括上江圩镇和铜山岭农场及周边的个别村落)一带。该县的潇浦镇、千家峒瑶族乡、允山镇、黄甲岭乡等地历史上也曾流传过女书,但在60年前即已先后消失。

Neighboring Guilin City of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the west and south, Jiangyong County is located in the southern skirt of Hunan and under the jurisdiction of Yongzhou City. Jiangyong Nü script is widespread along Shangjiangxu (including Shangjiangxu Town, Tongshanling Farm and a few surrounding villages), an area within Jiangyong with a population of only 20,000. Nü script had ever been spread in some other areas of Jiangyong, such as Xiaopu Town, Qianjiadong Yao Township, Yunshan Town and Huangjialing Township, etc., but disappeared successively in these areas 60 years ago.

江永女书是现在世界上惟一存在的性别文字--妇女专用文字,它的发展、传承及以其为符号承载的文化信息构成了女书习俗。女书文字呈长菱形,笔画纤细均匀,似蚊似蚁,民间叫它作长脚蚊字或蚂蚁字,因其专为妇女所用,学术界便将其称为"女书"。江永女书是一种古老文字,已为专家学者们所共识,但因女书没有古代文物,又未载于史志,故不能确定其起源时间。

Jiangyong Nü script is the only existing unique gender characters - specially created and used by females. Its development, inheritance and cultural messages carried by its characters constitute Nü script customs. The characters of Nü script are of long-diamond-shape with fine and uniform strokes and look like mosquitoes and ants. Thus they are called long-feet mosquito or ant characters by local people. Since they are specially used by females, they are referred to as "Nüshu" in the academia. Jiangyong Nü script is a kind of ancient characters and has gained the recognition of experts and scholars. However, due to the lack of relic evidence and historical record, the time of its origin has not been identified yet.

女书记录的语言是女书流行地的与众不同的永明土话;它标记语言的手段和方法奇特,可以同音借代,用仅有的四百多个字符可以写出千余字的七字韵文来;女书采取家传、亲朋相教的方式世代相传;它和妇女特有的婚嫁、岁时节日、庙会等民俗活动紧紧融合在一起,充分表现了自己的功能和价值。因此女书对语言文字学、历史学、考古学、人类学、妇女学、民俗学、社会学、美学以及民族文化史和民间文学等多学科领域都具有重要的研究价值。

The language recorded by Nü script is distinctive Yongming tuhua (local dialect in the region along Yongming River) that is spoken in places where Nü script is popular; Nü script employs unique methods to represent language, and owning to polysemy, a piece of seven-character-regular-verse of more than one thousand words can be written with the only four hundred or so characters. Nü script is passed on between generations in the ways of family inheritance and teaching by relatives or friends. It integrates with folk activities peculiar to women such as marriage, festivals and temple fairs and in this way it functions well and shows its value to the full extent. Therefore, Nü script has very important study value for many disciplines, i.e. language & character study, history, archaeology, anthropology, women's studies, folk-custom studies, sociology, aesthetics and ethnic culture history as well as folk literature, etc.

女书习俗
 女书习俗
Nü Script (Nüshu) (Women’s Script)

女书习俗
 女书习俗
Nü Script (Nüshu) (Women’s Script)

女书习俗
 女书习俗
Nü Script (Nüshu) (Women’s Script)